Established October 20, 1973, this is Syria's highest honor. It is awarded to members of the Syrian Armed Forces for extraordinary combat performance which results in a decisive shift of battle in favor of Syria, and to Air Force pilots for five air victories.
The French High Commission government established this Order as the Honor Medal of Syrian Merit to recognize acts of courage and commitment. It was awarded in four classes (silver-gilt with two silver-gilt palms, silver with two silver palms, silver and bronze). Its design was changed in 1927 to a six-pointed white enamel star formed from the overlaying of two triangles. The central design is composed of six green enamel shapes emanating from a central green enamel shape. The reverse of the first version is inscribed in Arabic, STATE OF SYRIA, surrounded by the Arabic inscription, HONOR AND DEVOTION.
Great Order of Syrian Honor purported to be the initial design of this Order
Type 1 Grand Cross (1st Cl. Or Excellent Degree) and Commander (3rd Cl.)
Type 2 Grand Cross (1st Cl.) Plaque and Knight's Badge (4th Cl.)
Instituted July 12, 1934, the Order, awarded in three classes, recognizes outstanding military and civilian services. It is named for the Umayyad Caliphate, the second of the four Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. It was ruled by the Umayyad dynasty, whose name derives from that of the great-grandfather of the first Umayyad caliph. Damascus was the original capital of their caliphate. Eventually, it would cover more than five million square miles, making it the largest empire in the world at the time. After the Umayyad Caliphate was overthrown, it was relocated to Andalusia, Spain where Caliphate of Cordoba was established.
Third Class Badge and First Class Plaque
Second Class (Commander)
Order of Devotion 2nd Class Plaque
Order of Devotion As Awarded for Bravery with Wreath and as Awarded for Distinguished Service
Order of Military Honor 1st Cl. Plaque and 4th Cl.
Order of Military Merit 5th Cl.
Order of Bravery 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Class
Order of the Family
Wound Medal and Army Medal
Long Service Medal Version 1 and 2
Medal of October 6 Yom Kipur War and Palestine Campaign Medal
Army 25 Year Commemorative 1st Cl. and Medal of Training 3rd Cl.
Glorious 8th Of March Revolution Medal
Syria-Lebanon Peace Medal and Commemorative Medal of March 8th
Russian Federation – Syrian Friendship Medal Type 1 and the 40-Year Anniversary Medal
50th Anniversary of the Army and Syrian Arab Military Friendship Medal
15th Anniversary of Recitification
Russian-Syrian Combat Cooperation Type 2, and Air Force Medal
The United Arab Republic (UAR) was a union between Egypt and Syria. The union began in 1958 and existed until 1961 when Syria seceded from the union. These Orders were issued by the UAR during that period.
The Union Order and Establishment of the UAR Medal
Order of Merit (tentative identification)
UAR Order of Merit
UAR Army Day Ribbon, Navy Day Ribbon, and Yarmuk Ribbon
UAR Victory Ribbons and 25th Army Anniversary Ribbon
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